Keloid Treatment 2012

by jake on March 16, 2012

Keloids are scars that appear different when compared to other ordinary scars. When they are compared to the normal ones, they appear to be raised and the skin covering it smooth and darker.  Keloids do not have a regular shape and with time, they appear to enlarge gradually. Unlike the other normal scars, keloids do not vanish with time. They can stay on the skin for a whole lifetime. Keloids are not associated with too much pain or itching, most people find it useless to have them removed.

Keloids may appear after an injury, a surgery or spontaneously after a slight inflammation or some other piercing of the skin like a wound resulting from a scratch obtained while tattooing. The main distinguishing factor of keloids is the fact that they will progressively increase in size with time. They are also very tender and the texture is very smooth.

There are many methods that are used to remove keloids. They include application of silicone sheets, steroid injections, laser therapy, surgery, cryotherapy, interferon and fluorouracil among others. The various methods are applied depending on the type of keloid, the location on the body, the type of skin that the patient has and the availability of the resources.

Silicone sheets involve placing a layer of silicone gel on the area with the keloid for several hours a week for a number of months. This is a pretty difficult method since the patient will be immobilized daily for the number of hours that they will be having the silicone. However, the method has relatively high chances of success.

The other method is the injection of cortisone injections. These injections are more popularly known as Intralesional steroids. The method is safe and does not cause a lot of pain for the patient. The injections are given on a monthly basis until the keloid disappears completely. However, the steroids can result in the keloid becoming redder since they stimulate the formation of more superficial blood vessels. Another drawback is that the injections do not completely remove the keloid since a small mark is usually left after the treatment.

The other method is removal through surgery. Here, the surgeons cut off the keloid from the skin surface. This is a very risky removal method because the cutting of the keloid may result in formation of another keloid of similar size or even a larger one. Surgeons have tried to work around this by injecting steroids on the wound after the surgery. Others have tried applying pressure dressings or applying radiation after the surgery to increase the chances of success.


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